is an island
in Cape Verde
. It is the smallest inhabited island, but at the same time the greenest, of Cape Verde, in the Sotavento
group. First settled in the 1540s, its population grew after Mount Fogo
on neighbouring Fogo
erupted in 1675. Its main industry was long whaling
, but the island is now primarily agricultural
Practically the whole island is a stratovolcano
. It lies in the lee of the enormous Fogo volcano. Volcanic activity on the island has been mainly located along three sets of lineaments, which all intersect at the crest of ground that forms the highest part of the island. Brava has no documented historical eruptions, but its youthful volcanic morphology and the fact that earthquake swarms still occur indicate the potential for future eruptions.
North of Brava are two small islands with 4 islets, 3 of them are west of Ilhéu de Cima
. The islands are Ilhéu Grande
The island's main town is Vila Nova Sintra
. The island has schools, a lyceum, a gymnasia, churches, and a square (praça
) in honour of the famous musician Eugénio Tavares.
All of the five villages lie north of the mountaintop, which has four main roads including Furna - Vila Nova Sintra and Fajã de Agua and south to Nova Sintra do Monte and slightly south of the mountaintop. The two large islands north of Brava are uninhabited. The mountain valleys dominate the south, the east and the west. The north has a few valleys.
Precipitation arrives from the trade wind clouds. The island... Read More