The Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery
is a large museum
and art gallery
. It is run by the city council
with no entrance fee. It holds designated museum
status, granted by the national government to protect outstanding museums. It is situated in Clifton
, about from the city centre.
The museum includes sections on natural history
, local, national and international archaeology
, and local industry. The art gallery contains works from all periods, including many by internationally famous artists, as well a collection of modern paintings of Bristol.
In the summer of 2009 the museum hosted an exhibition by Banksy
, featuring more than 70 works of art, including animatronics and installations; it is his largest exhibition yet. It was developed in secrecy and with no advance publicity, but soon gained worldwide notoriety.
The building is of Edwardian Baroque architecture
and has been designated by English Heritage
as a grade II* listed building
The Museum and Art Gallery's origins lie in the foundation, in 1823, of the Bristol Institution for the Advancement of Science and Art
, sharing brand-new premises at the bottom of Park Street
(a downhill from the current site) with the slightly older Bristol Literary and Philosophical Society
. The neoclassical
building was designed by Sir Charles Robert Cockerell
(1788–1863), who was later to complete the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
, and build St. George’s Hall,......