Bristol Jupiter Fighter

Bristol Jupiter Fighter

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Bristol Jupiter Fighter

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<!-- This article is a part of WikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout. -->The Bristol Type 76 Jupiter Fighter and Type 89 Trainer were derivatives of the British fighter of the First World War (the F.2 Fighter), powered by Bristol Jupiter radial engines. While unsuccessful as a fighter, it was used as an advanced trainer aircraft between 1924 and 1933.

Design and development

In order to demonstrate their new Jupiter engine in an inexpensive yet relatively high performance aircraft, Bristol Aeroplane Company authorised the conversion of three war surplus F.2 airframes to use the Jupiter, to create the Type 76 Jupiter Fighter, which it was also hoped to sell as a fighter to foreign air forces Mason, Francis K. The British Fighter since 1912. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1992. ISBN 1-55750-082-7..

The first of these three aircraft flew in June 1923. While the engine installation proved satisfactory, as the Type 76 had the same fuel capacity as the F.2, the increased fuel consumption of the Jupiter compared with the F.2's original Rolls-Royce Falcon meant that the aircraft had inadequate range for use as a fighter, while the slipsteam over the observer's cockpit meant that the observer could not use his .303&nbsp;in (7.7&nbsp;mm) Lewis Gun . Because of these flaws, no more type 76s were built after the...
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