A British expedition to Graham Land led by John Lachlan Cope took place between 1920 and 1922.
The British Graham Land Expedition
) was a geophysical
and exploration expedition to Graham Land
between 1934 to 1937. Under the leadership of John Riddoch Rymill
, the expedition spent two years in the Antarctic. The expedition determined that Graham Land
was a peninsula.David McGonigal Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern Continent
, Frances Lincoln Ltd, 2009ISBN 0711229805, page 334-33 The expedition used a combination of traditional
and modern practices in Antarctic exploration, using both dog teams and motor sledges as well as a single-engine de Havilland Fox Moth
aircraft for exploration. Transportation to the Antarctic was in an elderly three-masted sailing ship christened the Penola
, which had an unreliable auxiliary engine. Additional supplies were brought on the ship Discovery II
The expedition was one of the last privately-sponsored Antarctic missions, with only part of the cost covered by the UK government. Although the expedition had a very small budget, it was successful in its scientific objectives. Air survey photography and mapping was carried out for 1000 miles (1600 km) of the Graham Land coast.
All sixteen members of the landing party received the Polar Medal
. One of the participants of the BGLE was Dr. Brian Birley Roberts
, who later contributed to the drafting... Read More