is an Australian English
term for the driver of a bullock team.
Bullock drivers were also known as teamsters
or carriers. The American term for a bullocky is a bullwhacker.
Bullock teams were in use in Sydney, New South Wales
in 1795 when they were used for hauling building materials. The early explorers, Hume and Hovell
in 1824 and Charles Sturt
, later in 1828-9, also used bullock teams during their explorations.
Prior to the gold rushes
in Australia, in the mid 19th century, bullock drays
carried essential food and station supplies to isolated country areas. On return trips they transported wheat
, sugar cane and timber by drays drawn by teams of draught animals
) to shipping ports before the advent of rail. They travelled constantly across the landscape, servicing the pastoral stations
and settlements a long way from regional transport hubs and urban centres. Some of the larger stations maintained their own teams for local use when harvesting and transporting wool. Both bullock and horse wagons carried heavy loads of wool and wheat which was the main produce transported over long distances, plus chaff and hay. A bullock wagon could only travel approximately three miles an hour (depending on the load and terrain) therefore it was slower than a horse... Read More