Burwood, New South Wales

Burwood, New South Wales

Australian Place
Australian Place Less

Burwood, New South Wales

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Description:
Burwood is a suburb in the inner-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Burwood is located 12 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of Burwood Council.

Burwood Heights is a separate suburb to the south. The Appian Way is a street in Burwood, known for its architecturally designed Federation-style homes.

History

Archaeological evidence indicates people were living in the Sydney area for at least 11,000 years. This long association had led to a harmonious relationship between the indigenous inhabitants and their environment which was interrupted by the arrival of the British in 1788. The European desire to cultivate the land aided and abetted by a smallpox epidemic forced the local people, the Wangal clan, away from their source of food and their spiritual connection with the land.Captain Thomas Rowley (1748–1806) received a grant of in 1799. He called his property Burwood Farm after Burwood Park, England. Following more Land grants, his estate increased to stretching from Parramatta Road to Nicholson Street and The Boulevarde to Croydon railway station. He ran merino sheep on the property.The first house, Burwood Villa was built in the area in 1814, the same year that a stagecoach began running between Sydney and Parramatta. Burwood became a staging post along the road and the beginnings of a settlement started to develop. One of its most...
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