is the name given to the Armenian
part of the Byzantine Empire
. The size of the territory varied over time, depending on the degree of control the Byzantines had over Armenia.
The Byzantine and Sassanid Empires
divided Armenia in 387
and in 428
. Western Armenia
fell under Byzantine rule, and Eastern Armenia
fell under Sassanid control. Even after the establishment of the Bagratid Armenian Kingdom, parts of historic Armenia and Armenian-inhabited areas were still under Byzantine rule.
had no representation in the Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon
, because they were struggling against the Sassanids in an armed rebellion. For that reason, there appeared a theological drift between Armenian and Byzantine Christianity.
Regardless, many Armenians became successful in the Byzantine Empire. One out of five Byzantine emperors and empresses were ethnically Armenian or half-Armenian; although culturally Greek. The best example of this is emperor Heraclius
, whose father was Armenian and mother Cappadocian
. Emperor Heraclius
began the Heraclean Dynasty (610-717). Basil I
is another example of an Armenian beginning a dynasty; the Macedonian dynasty
. Other great emperors were Romanos I
, John I Tzimiskes
, and Nikephoros II
Armenian Soldiers of the Byzantine Army
made great contributions to Byzantium
through its troops of soldiers. The empire was in need of a good army as it was constantly being threatened. The army... Read More