and aeronautical engineering
, is the asymmetry between the top and the bottom surfaces of an aerofoil
. An aerofoil that is not cambered is called a symmetric
aerofoil. The benefits of camber
, in contrast to symmetric aerofoils, were discovered and first utilized by Sir George Cayley
in the early 19th century in Great Britain
Camber is usually designed into an aerofoil
to increase the maximum lift coefficient
. This minimises the stalling
speed of aircraft using the aerofoil. Aircraft with wings based on cambered aerofoils usually have lower stalling speeds than similar aircraft with wings based on symmetric aerofoils.
An aircraft designer may also reduce the camber of the outboard section of the wings to increase the critical angle of attack (stall angle) at the wing tips. When the wing approaches the stall angle this will ensure that the wing root stalls before the tip, giving the aircraft resistance to spinning
and maintaining aileron effectiveness close to the stall.
Some recent designs use negative camber. One such design is called the supercritical aerofoil
. It is used for near-supersonic flight, and produces a higher lift to drag ratio at near supersonic flight
than traditional aerofoils. Supercritical aerofoils employ a flattened upper surface, highly cambered (curved) aft section, and greater leading edge radius as compared to traditional aerofoil shapes. These changes delay the onset of wave... Read More