Canadian Maritime English

Canadian Maritime English

Canadian Maritime English

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Canadian Maritime English or Maritimer English is a dialect of English spoken in the Maritime provinces of Canada. Quirks include the removal of pre-consonantal sounds, and a faster speech tempo. It is heavily influenced by British, Irish English, and Acadian French--especially in northern New Brunswick.

An example of typical Maritime English might be the pronunciation of the letter t. The flapping of intervocalic and to alveolar tap between vowels, as well as pronouncing it as a glottal stop , is less common in the Maritimes. So "battery" is pronounced instead of with a glottal stop.

Especially among the older generation, and are not merged; that is, the beginning sound of why, white, and which is different from that of witch, with, wear.

Like most varieties of Canadian English, Maritimer English contains a feature known as Canadian raising: Diphthongs are "raised" before voiceless consonants. For example, IPA and become and , respectively, before , , , , .

Although dialects vary from region to region, especially based on the rural/urban divide, there are some other commonalities. For example, there is heavy rhoticism on vowels preceding sounds. Also, low front vowels seem to be lengthened and sometimes tensed, which in some regions can result in raising, and even a very slight rounding of the higher vowels and diphthongs. These phonetic differences are not all systematic: some lexical items do not apply to these rules, so perhaps it the vowel...
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