is a modern variant
(Japanese chess). It was invented by Peter Michaelsen in February 1998.
Rules of the game
The objective of the game is to capture your opponent's king.
Two players, Black and White (or 先手 sente
and 後手 gote
), play on a board ruled into a grid of 9 ranks
(rows) by 9 files
(columns). The squares are undifferentiated by marking or color.
Each player has a set of 20 wedge-shaped pieces, of slightly different sizes. From largest to smallest (most to least powerful) they are:
- 1 King
- 1 Rook
- 1 Bishop
- 1 Gold cannon
- 1 Silver cannon
- 1 Copper cannon
- 1 Iron cannon
- 2 Gold generals
- 2 Silver generals
- 2 Knights
- 2 Lances
- 5 Pawns
Most of the English names correspond to rough equivalents in Western chess, rather than as translations of the Japanese names.
Each piece has its name in the form of two kanji
written on its face. On the reverse side of some pieces are two or three other characters, often in a different color (commonly red instead of black); this reverse side is turned up to indicate that the piece has been promoted during play. The pieces of the two sides do not differ in color, but instead each piece is shaped like a wedge, and faces forward, toward the opposing side. This shows who controls the piece during play. The game is often played with "Westernized
" (or "international") pieces, which replace the kanji with more intuitive symbols, such as pictorial......