Cape Petrel

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Description:
The Cape Petrel, Daption capense, also called Cape Pigeon or Pintado Petrel, is a common seabird of the Southern Ocean from the family Procellariidae. It is the only member of the genus Daption, and is allied to the fulmarine petrels, and the Giant Petrels. It is also sometimes known as the Cape Fulmar. They are extremely common seabirds with an estimated population of around 2 million.

Taxonomy

The Cape Petrel is the only known member of the genus Daption and is in turn a member of the procellariidae family and Procellariiformes order. There appears to be a sub-group within the family consisting of the Giant Petrels, the members of Fulmarus, the Antarctic Petrel, and the Snow Petrel.

All Procellariiformes share certain identifying features. First, they have nasal passages that attach to the upper bill called naricorns. Although the nostrils on the Albatross are on the sides of the bill. The bills of Procellariiformes are also unique in that they are split into between 7 and 9 horny plates. They produce a stomach oil made up of wax esters and triglycerides that is stored in the proventriculus. This is used against predators as well as an energy rich food source for chicks and for the adults during their long flights. Finally, they also have a salt gland that is situated above the nasal...
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