Carlton J. H. Hayes

Carlton J. H. Hayes

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Carlton J. H. Hayes

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Carlton Joseph Huntley Hayes, Ph.D. (1882–1964) was an American educator and European historian, and an intellectual leader of Catholics in America. He served as American ambassador to Spain in World War II.

Life and career

Hayes was born to a Baptist family in upstate New York, the son of Permelia Mary (née Huntley) and Philetus Arthur Hayes. Hayes graduated from Columbia in 1904,In 1903 he became an active member of his fraternity Alpha Chi Rho and remained a member over his lifetime. completed his PhD there in 1909 with a thesis on the Germanic invasion of the Roman Empire. He became lecturer at Columbia in European history in 1907, assistant professor (1910), associate professor (1915), and full professor (1919).

In 1904 he converted to Catholicism—and went on to be the first Catholic co-chairman of the National Conference of Christians and Jews along with Everett Clinchy and Roger Strauss. He was head of the Columbia history department several times. After World War I, he joined with Peter Guilday in establishing the American Catholic Historical Association and became its first secretary. Its goal was to promote Catholic history, and to integrate Catholic scholars into the wider world of academe.

Hayes was influenced by Charles Beard, a proponent of the “New History,” which emphasized the importance of cultural economic developments as opposed to just warfare and diplomacy. Hayes argued the New History demonstrated...
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