is a Mediterranean city and naval station
located in the Region of Murcia
, southeastern Spain
. , it has a population of 211,996, making it the second largest city in the Region, the 6th among the non-province capitals of Spain, and the 24th overall.
Cartagena has been the capital of the Spanish Navy's Maritime Department of the Mediterranean
since the arrival of the Spanish Bourbons
in the 18th century. As far back as the 16th century it was one of the most important naval ports in Spain
, together with Ferrol
in the North. It is still an important naval seaport, the main military haven of Spain
, and there is a big naval shipyard.
Cartagena was known as Qart Hadasht
during the Phoenician conquest, Carthago Nova
(the New Carthage) and Carthago Spartaria
during the Roman era and Qartayannat al-Halfa
during Islamic Spain. It was the first of a number of cities which eventually were called Cartagena.
Geography and climate
Geography and relief
The city of Cartagena is located in the southeastern region of Spain in theRegion of Murcia
.The Cartagena region can be viewed as a great plane inclined slightly in the direction NW-SE, bordered at the north and the northwest by pre-coastal mountain ranges (Carrascoy, El Puerto, Los Villares, Columbares and Escalona), and at the south and southwest by coastal mountain ranges (El Algarrobo, La Muela, Pelayo, Gorda, La Fausilla y Minera, with its last spurs in Cape Palos
). The dominant geology of the region is metamorphic (slate,... Read More