Caspian Depression

Caspian Depression

Caspian Depression

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Caspian Depression (, Caspian Lowland) is a low-lying flatland region encompassing the northern part of the Caspian Sea, the largest enclosed body of water on Earth. It is part of the wider Aral-Caspian Depression around the Aral and Caspian seas. Other translations include Pricaspian/Peri-Caspian Depression/Lowland.

The lowest point of the depression is 28m or 92 feet below sea level. The depression lies at the southern end of the Ryn Desert, and is in both Kazakhstan and Russia. Most of the Russian Republic of Kalmykia lies in the Caspian Depression. The Volga River and the Ural River flow into the Caspian Sea through this region. The deltas of the Ural and Volga Rivers are extensive wetlands.

The North Caspian depression is part of the continental or semi-arid desert biome. The area receives 300 mm (12 in) of rain or less per year, on average, and less than 10% of the region is irrigated. Karagiye, the lowest point in Kazakhstan, is in the depression, at 132 metres (433 ft) below sea level.

Much of the Caspian Depression is below sea-level, consisting of large areas of marshlands in the eastern region. It is one of the largest flat lowland areas in Central Asia, covering approximately 200,000 kilometresĀ² (77,220 milesĀ²). The area is very rich in underground oil and gas reserves, and oil and natural gas pipelines cross the depression from north to south and east to west. Many geologists believe the Caspian Sea and the...
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