Castell y Bere
is a native Welsh
castle near Llanfihangel-y-pennant
Castell y Bere was built by Llewellyn the Great
around 1221 on a lozenge-shaped
in the Dysynni Valley
near Cadair Idris
The castle is composed of two D-shaped Welsh towers
, a round tower, and a rectangular tower at the highest point of the site. One of the towers would have contained a chapel. The D-shaped tower is a distinct feature of native Welsh castles. A similar tower was built by Llywelyn the Last
at Ewloe Castle
forty years later.
The castle's design was dictated by its high, narrow location. Access was protected by a wall
, ditches, gateway and drawbridges
. The castle is also one of the very few native Welsh constructions to feature a barbican
Castell y Bere was built by Llewellyn the Great to protect the mountain trade routes between the Kingdom of Gwynedd
and Powys Wenwynwyn
. But following the invasion of Wales
by Edward I
in 1277, the castle was besieged in April 1283 by English forces.Dafydd ap Gruffydd
had retreated to Castell y Bere after the capture of Dolwyddelan Castle
in January 1283. The Welsh prince escaped but the castle's constable, Cynfrig ap Madog
, was forced to surrender after agreeing terms.
Its strategic position meant that after its capture, Edward I ordered the castle be refortified and garrisoned. A small town was then encouraged to develop around its base.
In September 1294, forces belonging to Welsh leader......