Censorship in Tunisia
has been an issue since the country gained independence in 1956
. Though considered relatively mild under President Habib Bourguiba
(1957–1987), censorship and other forms of repression have become common under his successor, President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
(Nov. 1987– Jan. 2011). The latter has been listed since 1998 as one of the "10 Worst Enemies of the Press" by the Committee to Protect Journalists
. Reporters Without Borders
has also named Ben Ali as a leading "Predator of Press Freedom".
Ben Ali era: Legal provisions
Article 8 of the Tunisian states "the liberties of opinion, expression, the press, publication, assembly, and association are guaranteed and exercised within the conditions defined by the law." Article 1 of the Press Code provides for "freedom of the press, publishing, printing, distributing and sale of books and publications."
The main reference for the information in this section is the "".
The Press Code requires a receipt from the Ministry of the Interior before distributing books in the country. Islam
and human rights are two frequent points of contention. Frequently banned authors include Mohamed Talbi
, Hamma Hammami
, Sihem Bensedrine
, Moncef Marzouki
, and Taoufik Ben Brik
. The League of Free Writers
believes that 40 books were censored in the decade 1995–2005.
Tunisia has 380 public libraries, which include a regional branch for... Read More