The Australian census is administered once every five years by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The most recent census was conducted on 8 August 2006; the next will be conducted on 9 August 2011. Prior to the introduction of regular censuses in 1961, they had also been run in 1901, 1911, 1921, 1933, 1947, and 1954. It is not compulsory for all households to fill in all questions, but it can be made compulsory if deemed necessary . So far no census in Australia has been compulsory.. The census counts all people who spend census night within Australia and its external and internal territories other than Norfolk Island, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families. A separate census of Norfolk Island has been conducted by the Norfolk Island Government every five years since 1981, and occurs on the same day as the Australian census.
The Census and Statistics Act 1905 (Cth) led to the 1906 establishment of the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics (CBCS). The Bureau was renamed the Australian Bureau of Statistics in .
Australian Standard Geographical Classification
The Census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications (called structures) for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the... Read More