The Tsentralna Rada
or Central Rada
() (central council or soviet (in English)) at first was the All-Ukrainian council that united political, public, cultural, professional organizations. Later after the All-Ukrainian National Congress
(19–21 April 1917) that council became the revolutionary parliament of Ukraine
. According to the Soviet encyclopedia
it was a counter-revolutionary
united body of bourgeoisie and minor-bourgeoisie nationalistic parties in Ukraine from 1917-1918.
From its beginning the council directed the Ukrainian national movement and with its four Universals
led the country from autonomy to full sovereignty. During its brief existence from 1917 to 1918, the Central Rada, which was headed by the Ukrainian historian and ethnologist Mykhailo Hrushevsky
, evolved into the fundamental governing institution of the Ukrainian People's Republic and set precedents in parliamentary democracy
and national independence
that were never completely forgotten during Soviet times and are still remembered today.
The Central Rada was founded in Kiev
on March 17 (old style 4), 1917 by the initiative of the Society of Ukrainian Progressionists
with participation of various Ukrainian political parties, Ukrainian military activists, workers, religious activists, students, entrepreneurs, public and cultural organizations such as the Ukrainian Science Association
, the Ukrainian Pedagogic Association
, the Association of Ukrainian......