The Central Mountain Range
, also known as the Chungyang Range
(), is the principal range of mountains in Taiwan
. It runs from the north of the island to the south.Due to this separation, connecting between the west and east is not so convenient. The tallest peak of the range is Siouguluan Mountain
, 3,860 meters (12,664 feet).
In a broad sense, Central Mountain Range include its conjoint ranges such as Hsuehshan Range
and Yushan Range
, thus the tallest peak of Central Mountain Range in this sense is Yu Shan
(Jade Mountain), 3,952 meters (12,966 feet), and the second tallest peak is Hsuehshan
(Snow Mountain), 3,886 meters (12,749 feet).
The Central Range lies within the Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests
ecoregion, and the composition of the forest varies with elevation. The coastal plains and lower elevations are covered by evergreen laurel-Castanopsis
forests, dominated by Cryptocarya chinensis
and Castanopsis hystrix
, with scattered stands of the subtropical pine Pinus massoniana
. As elevation increases, the evergreen broadleaf trees are gradually replaced by deciduous broadleaf trees and conifers
. At higher elevations, Cyclobalanopsis glauca
replaces laurel and Castanopsis
as the dominant tree.
Above 3,000 meters, deciduous broadleaf trees like Formosan Alder (Alnus formosana)
and maple (Acer
spp.) mix with Taiwan Hemlock (Tsuga chinensis).
At the highest elevations, subalpine forests are dominated by conifers, including Taiwan hemlock
),... Read More