See also : Certified First Responder
and Emergency medical responder
, the pre-hospital care is either performed by first responders from the fire department
, most emergency situations) or from a private ambulance
company (relative emergency at home), or by a medical team that includes a physician
, a nurse
and an ambulance technician (called "smur
"). The intermediate scale, the firefighter nurse (infirmier sapeur-pompier
, ISP), is only a recent evolution and is performed by nurses
specially trained acting with emergency protocols; these nurses are the French equivalent of the paramedics
. The first responders are thus the most frequent answer to emergency calls.
First aid associations
(about 15 nationwide associations, including the French Red cross
, St John ambulance, order of Malta
and the volunteers of the Civil protection) also train their volunteers as first responders; the top diploma (PSE 2) is exactly the same as the firefighters
. They usually act in preventive first aid post, e.g. for concerts, sporting or cultural events.
The volunteers first responders can take part of an emergency rescue team in case of disaster
; due to the bad response time (usually some hours to gather the teams), they usually deal with minor casualties, but could theoretically act in first line. In some places (e.g. in Paris
), the volunteers take part of the public rescue and partly replace the firemen during the weekends.
The lowest diploma required... Read More