Canadian Forces Base Gagetown
, referred to as CFB Gagetown
is a large Canadian Forces Base
located in southwestern New Brunswick
Construction of the base
At the beginning of the Cold War
, Canadian defence planners recognized the need for providing the Canadian Army
with a suitable training facility where brigade and division-sized armoured, infantry, and artillery units could exercise in preparation for their role in defending western Europe under Canada's obligations to the North Atlantic Treaty
. The facility would need to be located relatively close to an all-season Atlantic
port and have suitable railway connections.
Existing training facilities dating from the First
and Second World War
in eastern Canada were relatively small (Camp Debert
, Camp Aldershot
, Camp Valcartier
, Camp Petawawa
, Camp Utopia), thus a new facility was considered. At the same time, regional economic development planners saw an opportunity for a military base to benefit the economy of southwestern New Brunswick.
The area under consideration was an expansive plateau west of the St. John River
between the cities of Saint John
, measuring approximately in length and in width; more accurately it runs between Oromocto
in the north to Welsford
in the south, and between the St. John River in the east and the South Branch of the Oromocto River
in the west.
Over 900 families inhabited the area primarily engaged in agriculture and forestry industries. The terrain was variable, providing... Read More