Chandrasekhar Number

# Chandrasekhar number

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Description:
The Chandrasekhar number is a dimensionless quantity used in magnetic convection to represent ratio of the Lorentz force to the viscosity. It is named after the Indian astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.

The number's main function is as a measure of the magnetic field, being proportional to the square of a characteristic magnetic field in a system.

## Definition

The Chandrasekhar number is usually denoted by the letter [itex] Q[/itex], and is motivated by a dimensionless form of the Navier-Stokes equation in the presence of a magnetic force in the equations of magnetohydrodynamics:

: [itex]fracleft(frac + (mathbf cdot nabla) mathbfright) = - p + nabla^2 mathbf +frac ( wedge mathbf) wedgemathbf, [/itex]

where [itex] sigma[/itex] is the Prandtl number, and [itex] zeta[/itex] is the magnetic Prandtl number.

The Chandrasekhar number is thus defined as N.E. Hurlburt, P.C. Matthews and A.M. Rucklidge, "Solar Magnetoconvection," Solar Physics, 192, p109-118 (2000):

: [itex] = frac [/itex]

where [itex] mu_0[/itex] is the magnetic permeability, [itex] rho[/itex] is the density of the fluid, [itex] nu[/itex] is the kinematic viscosity, and [itex] lambda[/itex] is the magnetic diffusivity. [itex] B_0[/itex] and [itex] d[/itex] are a characteristic magnetic field and a...

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