Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter
sets out the UN Security Council
's powers to maintain peace. It allows the Council to "determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression" and to take military and nonmilitary action to "restore international peace and security".
Chapter VII also gives the Military Staff Committee
responsibility for strategic coordination of forces placed at the disposal of the UN Security Council. It is made up of the chiefs of staff of the five permanent members of the Council.
The UN Charter's prohibition of member states of the UN attacking other UN member states
is central to the purpose for which the UN was founded in the wake of the destruction of World War II
: to prevent war. This overriding concern is also reflected in the Nuremberg Trials
' concept of a crime against peace
"starting or waging a war against the territorial integrity, political independence or sovereignty of a state, or in violation of international treaties or agreements..." (crime against peace), which was held to be the crime that makes all war crimes possible.
The United Nations was established after World War II
and the ultimate failure of diplomacy
despite the existence of the League of Nations
in the years between the First and Second World War. The Security Council was thus granted broad powers through Chapter VII as a reaction to the failure of the League.<ref... Read More