or Charcot Land
is an island
of the British Antarctic Territory
, long and wide, which is ice
covered except for prominent mountains
overlooking the north coast, west of Alexander Island
Charcot Island was discovered on January 11, 1910, by the French Antarctic Expedition under Jean-Baptiste Charcot
, who, at the insistence of his crew and the recommendation of Edwin S. Balch
and others, named it Charcot Land. He did so with the stated intention of honoring his father, Jean-Martin Charcot
, a famous French physician. The insularity of Charcot Land was proved by Sir Hubert Wilkins
, who flew around it on December 29, 1929.
2009 Collapse of ice bridge
The ice bridge holding the Wilkins Ice Shelf
to the Antarctic coastline and Charcot Island was long but only wide at its narrowest point – in 1950 it was It shattered in April 2009 over an area measuring . The ice bridge collapsed rapidly, turning into hundreds of icebergs.