Charlemagne Masséna Péralte
(1886 - 1 November 1919) was a Haitian nationalist
leader who opposed the US Invasion of his country in 1915. Leading guerrilla fighters called the Cacos
, he posed such a challenge to the US forces in Haiti that the occupying forces had to upgrade their presence in the country. Péralte remains a highly praised Haitian hero.
Born in 1886 in the central city of Hinche
, Péralte was born into a family that had migrated from an area that is the present day Dominican Republic
, (Péralte is a French version of the Spanish name Peralta). Péralte is revered on both sides of the island, in Haïti and in the Dominican Republic.
Name on birth certificate: Francois Borgia Charlemagne Peralte
Date of birth on birth certificate: 10 October 1885
His father was General Remi Massena Peralte.
Source for correction: 1885 - 1985, Un Centenaire; Charlemagne Peralte,
, Georges Michel. Privately published in Port-au-Prince, 1989. Footnote, p. 19. Cites research of Roger Gaillard
concerning birth and baptismal certificates in Premiere Ecrasement du Cacoism
, Port-au-Prince:Le Natal, 1981. Also appears in Douglas Henry Daniels's English translation of Michel's book,Charlemagne Peralte and the First American Occupation.
Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing CO., 1996.
An officer by career, Charlemagne Péralte was the military chief of the city of Léogane
when the US Marines
invaded Haïti in July 1915. (See United States......