Charles Olney Cornell
(1911 – 1989) was an American Communist
Cornell was born on March 14, 1911 in Cochise, Arizona
. While a teacher in San Francisco
in the 1930s, he became active in the American Trotskyist
movement and joined the newly founded Socialist Workers Party
The SWP proposed that Charles Cornell go to Coyoacán
, where Leon Trotsky
was living in exile to work as one of his bodyguards. Cornell served on Trotsky’s staff from June 1939 to August 1940.
On May 24, 1940, Mexican Stalinists
machine-gunned Trotskty's household and subsequently Charles Cornell and Otto Schüssler
, one of Trotsky's guards from Germany were arrested by the police.
At first the police suspected Trotsky and his secretaries of having organised the raid, but soon realized this to be wrong. After two days and at the personal intervention of Trotsky, both Schüssler and Cornell were released.
Cornell, who was present, could not prevent the fatal attack on Trotsky three months later on August 20, 1940 carried out by the Stalinist agent Ramón Mercader
, who had infiltrated the household and stabbed him in the back of the head with an icepick.
With Joe Hansen
, Cornell overwhelmed the assassin and handed him over to the police.
On his return to the United States
, Charles Cornell remained a member of the Socialist Workers Party
in New York City
for a couple of years, but never had any important role in the party. Eventually he gave up political activities and went into the real-estate
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