Charles Ganilh (6 January 1758 – 1836) was a Frencheconomist and politician.
He was born at Allanche in Cantal. He was educated for a profession in law and practised as avocat. During the troubled period which culminated in the taking of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, he became prominent in public affairs.
In 1815 he was elected deputy for Cantal and finally left the Chamber on its dissolution in 1823.
Ganilh is best known as the most vigorous defender of the mercantile school in opposition to the views of Adam Smith and the English economists.
His works on political economy are clear and concise. His writings include Essai politique sur le revenue des peuples de l'antiquité, du moyen âge, &c. (1808), Des systèmes d'économie politique (1809), Théorie d'économie politique (1815), and Dictionnaire analytique d'économie politique (1826).