Brigadier-General Charles Granville Bruce
(7 April 1866 at London
– 12 July 1939 at London
) was a Himalayan
veteran and leader of the second
British expeditions to Mount Everest
in 1922 and 1924.
Background and early life
Charles Granville Bruce was the youngest of the fourteen children of Henry Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare
(1815–1895). His father was born at Duffryn
, attended Swansea Grammar School
, and trained as a barrister
. In the 1830s, coal was discovered beneath the family's land, and with the development of the industry they became rich. Henry Bruce was stipendiary magistrate for Merthyr Tydfil
, 1847 to 1854, Liberal member of parliament
for Merthyr Tydfil
, 1852 to 1869, and Home Secretary
's government, 1868 to 1873. He was created first Baron Aberdare
, of Duffryn, in 1873.
Bruce was educated at Harrow
. His early life alternated between the 'pompous formality' of Queen's Gate
, the family home in Aberdare
, and a Scottish estate.
, his mentor was a local farmer and inn-keeper, who in his youth had worked as a hunter in California
and British Columbia
. He taught the young Bruce how to hunt, find his way around the local hills, and drink. One of Bruce’s most notable achievements was running down a “rough crew” of local poachers. Half a century later he was proud to list their names in his memoirs:<br />
<blockquote> ''“Bill the Butcher, Shoni Kick-O-Top, Billie Blaen Llechau, Dick......