Charles River Shire
was one of eight shires of Virginia
created in the Virginia Colony
During the 17th century, shortly after establishment of Jamestown, Virginia
in 1607, English settlers and explored and began settling the areas adjacent to Hampton Roads. By 1634, the English colony of Virginia consisted of eight shires
with a total population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants.
Charles River Shire took its name from King Charles I of England
. It was located on the Virginia Peninsula on the Charles River (also named for the younger son of King James I
. During the English Civil War
, Charles River County and the Charles River were changed to York County and York River
, respectively. The river, county, and town of Yorktown
are believed to have been was named for York
, a city in Northern England
Charles River Shire became York County
in 1643. The first courthouse and jail were located near what is now Yorktown
although the community, founded as a port for shipping tobacco
to Europe, as variously called Port of York, Borough of York, York, Town of York, until and Yorktown was established in 1691. Never incorporated as a town, Yorktown is the county seat
of York County.
Tribe of Native American
lived on the south side of the York River on the grounds of the present-day Naval Weapons Station Yorktown
near Yorktown until the 1630s, when conflicts with the English colonists caused them to move.
Charles River Shire (and York County) were the... Read More