Chaumont-Semoutiers Air Base
is a former United States Air Force
base in France. It is located two miles (3 km) southwest of the city of Chaumont, Haute-Marne
, just to the west of the Route nationale 67 (N67) Highway about 0.5 miles (1 km) north of Semoutiers-Montason in the Haute-Marne département
of northeast France.
During the early years of the Cold War
, Chaumont-Semoutiers was a front-line air base for the United States Air Forces in Europe
The area around Chaumont-Semoutiers Air Base has a long history of American military presence. During World War I the Haute-Marne département was one of the bloodiest areas of France with many battles fought on its soil. In 1917, the Headquarters of the American Expeditionary Force
was located in the city of Chaumont, Haute-Marne. A bronze tablet in the city commemorates the efforts of two million American soldiers under General John J. Pershing
Starting in the mid-1930s, a grass airstrip was used near Chaumont by the French Air Force for training. After the fall of France, the Luftwaffe
also used the facility as a training station. During the liberation of France, the American Third Army
defeated a German counter-attack in the area on 13 September 1944.
After the war, the airstrip was left unused.
With the outbreak of the Cold War
in the late 1940s, with the Berlin Airlift
and the ongoing threat from the Soviet Union to Western Europe, negotiations began in November... Read More