(currently the historical name Sohra
is more commonly used; alternative spellings are Cherrapunjee
), is a subdivisional town in the East Khasi Hills district
in the Indian state
. It is credited as being the second wettest
place on Earth. However, nearby Mawsynram
currently holds that record.
It is the traditional capital of a hima
(Khasi tribal chieftainship constituting a petty state) known as Sohra
The original name for this town was Sohra, which was pronounced "Churra" by the British. This name eventually evolved into the current name, Cherrapunji. The word "cherrapunji" means 'land of oranges'. Despite perennial rainfall, Cherrapunji faces an acute water shortage and the inhabitants often have to trek for miles to obtain potable water. Irrigation is also hampered due to excessive rain washing away the as a result of human encroachment into the forests. The Meghalaya state government has renamed Cherrapunjee back to its original name, "Sohra". There is a monument to (British Administrator in NE India, 1802–31) in the Cherrapunji cemetery.
The history of the Khasis - the inhabitants of Cherrapunji - may be traced from the early part of the 16th century. Between the 16th and 18th centuries these people were ruled by the syiems (rajas or chiefs) of Khyrtim
in the Khasi hills
. The Khasi hills came under British authority in 1883 with the... Read More