Chevron U.S.A. Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
, 467 U.S. 837 (1984), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court
set forth the legal test for determining whether to grant deference to a government agency's interpretation of a statute which it administers. Chevron
is the Court's clearest articulation of the doctrine of "administrative deference," to the point that the Court itself has used the phrase "Chevron deference" in more recent cases.United States v. Mead Corp.
, 533 U.S. 218, 226 (2001).
Under the Supreme Court's ruling in Marbury v. Madison
, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803), United States federal courts
have the authority to judicially review
enacted by Congress
, and declare a statute invalid if it violates the Constitution
. But the Constitution sets no express limits on how much federal authority can be delegated to a government agency. Rather, limits on the authority granted to a federal agency occur within the statutes enacted by Congress.
Congress amended the Clean Air Act
in 1977 to address states that had failed to attain the air quality standards established by the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) (Defendant). "The amended Clean Air Act required these 'nonattainment' States to establish a permit program regulating 'new or modified major stationary sources' of air pollution." During the......