Chicken Kiev (, kotleta po-kyivsky) is a popular dish of boneless chicken breast pounded and rolled around cold garlic butter with herbs, then breaded and either fried or baked. The dish has traditionally been considered Ukrainian in origin and the name of it comes from the name of the capital of Ukraine, Kiev.
However, the Russian food historian William Pokhlebkin claimed that Chicken Kiev was invented in the Moscow Merchants' Club in the early 20th century and was renamed Chicken Kiev (котлета по-киевски, kotleta po-kievsky, lit. 'cutlet Kiev-style') in one of the Soviet restaurants in later years.
There are other dishes similar to Chicken Kiev. Particularly popular is Chicken Cordon Bleu with a cheese and ham filling instead of butter.