This article discusses Chinatowns in Oceania
Given its proximity to the Asian
has had, and continues to witness, a massive immigration of Chinese
and other Asian
. As with Canada, the majority of ethnic Chinese immigrants to Australia are from Hong Kong
. Chinese from various places of mainland China
, Southeast Asia
, and Indonesia
—and Latin America
also settled Australia.
Many early Chinese from the Guangdong
provinces of China immigrated to Australia during the gold rush era. They were mainly Chinese of Taishan
, and Hakka
origin. As in North America, the Chinese faced massive institutionalized discrimination, and Asian immigration was restricted by the White Australia Policy
in the late 1880s. It was repealed by the 1970s under multiculturalist
policies, which in turn ushered in a new wave of Asian immigration, particularly from Hong Kong and the People's Republic of China
, and giving rise to several Australian Chinatown communities.
Australia has numerous contemporary city and historic frontier and rural Chinatowns.
The Chinatown, called Quartier Chinois
, in French Polynesia
is located in Papeete
island. Its overseas Chinese
also migrated to France. Starting in 1865, early Chinese migrants of the Hakka variety arrived in French Polynesia to work on the island cotton plantations. Many of these... Read More