Chinese adjectives

Chinese Adjectives

Chinese adjectives

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Chinese adjectives () differ from those in English in that they can be used as verbs (for example 天黑了 tiān hēi le "The sky has become dark") and thus linguist sometimes prefer to use the terms static or stative verb to describe them.

Before nouns

When a noun is modified using an adjective, the associative particle 的 de is inserted between the adjective and the noun. For example, 高兴<font color=red>的</font color>孩子 gāo xìng <font color=red>de</font color> hái zi "happy child". 的 is sometimes omitted to reduce repetitiveness (e.g., two or more instances of 的 within a sentence); it is also omitted in some established adjective-noun pairs to improve sentence flow (e.g., the TV show 快乐中国). It is also more typical to omit 的 when a single-syllable adjective is used than for a multi-syllable adjective (e.g., compare 坏人 (壞人) with 奇怪的人). In general, there are no strict rules regarding when 的 can be omitted; however, some adjectives and adjective-noun pairs are more often seen without the associative particle than others.

Some examples:
  • (壞人)— "bad person"
  • — "strange person"
  • (可愛的熊貓)— "cute panda"

After nouns

First pattern

Unlike English, subjects and predicate adjectives in a Chinese sentence are not linked by copula but by degree adverbs, such as 很 hěn "very," 好 hǎo "highly," 真...
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