The change in name was due to the political status of Taiwan. In addition, they flew a flag especially designed for the games separate from the flag of the Republic of China. In mainland China, the team name is translated as "Zhongguo Taibei Team" (中国台北队) (lit. "Taipei, China Team") for political reasons. In Taiwan, the team is known as "Zhonghua Taipei Team" (中華台北队)(lit. "Chinese Taipei Team"). The distinction between "Zhongguo" and "Zhonghua" (中国 and 中華) for "China" or "Chinese" is that the former refers to a political entity while the latter is a cultural description, although this often confuses foreigners who do not understand Mandarin.
Chinese Taipei entered three men and three women in the archery competition. The women fared much better than the men in the individual competition, but the men's team was able to advance to the final whereas the women were eliminated in the semifinal.