The change in name was due to the political status of Taiwan. In addition, they flew a flag especially designed for the games separate from the flag of the Republic of China. In Mainland China, the team is known as the "Zhongguo Taibei (Taipei, China, where China implies the People's Republic of China) Team" (中国台北队), and in Taiwan the team is known as the "Zhonghua (another variation of the term China, but obtained here as an abbreviation of Zhonghua Taibei) Team" (中華隊).
Chinese Taipei entered three women in the archery competition. The two that qualified for the elimination rounds each won their first match, with one winning a second match before being defeated in the quarterfinal. The team was upset by DPR Korea in the team round.
Chinese Taipei was among the eight teams to play in the inaugural Olympic baseball tournament. They won five of their seven preliminary round games, including one against Japan, but lost to the......