The Chondoist Chongu
(an approximate translation into English
could be "Party of the Young Friends of the Heavenly Way") is a united front
party in North Korea
and is labeled as democratic by the government of the country. The party was founded on February 5, 1946, by a group of followers of the Chondogyo
. The founder-leader of the party was Kim Tarhyŏn
The Chondogyo movement was founded in response to the Christian
missionary activities in Korea
in the end of the nineteenth century. The Chondogyo movement became a hotbed of Korean nationalism
, and Chondogyo farmers took active part in the rebellion in 1894 and the movement played an important role in the anti-Japanese
struggle in 1919. The communist parties of the Soviet Union
and Korea perceived Chondogyo as an ‘utopian peasant movement’.
By 1945 Chondogyo was the second largest religion in Northern Korea, with 1.5 million believers. The Chondoist Chongu Party assembled 98,000 members after a few months of existence, and was larger (in membership) than the Communist Party. In December 1946 it had 204,387 members.
On July 22, 1946, the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland
was formed as a united front. The Chondoist Chongu Party was one of the four parties included in it. Thus the subordination of the party under the leadership of the Communist Party (later the Workers' Party of Korea
) was formalized.
In the 1946–1947... Read More