City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health
City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, 462 U.S. 416 (1983), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court affirmed its abortion rights jurisprudence. The case, decided June 15, 1983, struck down an Ohioabortion law with several provisions.
Provisions of the law and decision regarding them
Abortions after the first trimester must be performed in a hospital.
Unconstitutional: while the state has a compelling interest in regulating abortion after the first trimester, accepted medical practice does not recommend that all second-trimester abortions be performed in a hospital. The regulation imposes an unnecessary burden that has the effect of infringing upon the constitutional right to an abortion.
A physician may not perform an abortion on an unmarried minor under 15 without obtaining either consent from one of her parents or a judicial bypass.
Unconstitutional: the law and the Ohio courts provide no suitable mechanism for a minor to gain a judicial bypass, as the relevant laws and courts concerning juveniles do not mention abortion or establish the authority to determine the maturity or emancipation of a minor.
Before performing an abortion, the physician must inform the patient of the status of the pregnancy, stage of fetal development, expected date of viability, health risks of abortion, and availability of adoption agencies and childbirth resources.