The City of Liverpool
is a Local Government Area
to the southwest of Sydney
, in the state of New South Wales
It is one of the oldest urban settlements in Australia, founded in 1810 as an agricultural centre by Governor Lachlan Macquarie
. He named it after Robert Banks Jenkinson
, Earl of Liverpool
, who was then the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
Liverpool is at the head of navigation of the Georges River
and combined with the Great Southern Railway from Sydney to Melbourne
reaching Liverpool in the late 1850s, Liverpool became a major agricultural and transportation centre as the land in the district was very productive. A large army
base was established in Liverpool during World War I
, and exists to this day as the Holsworthy Barracks
. There are a number of other military establishments in neighbouring Moorebank.
Until the 1950s, Liverpool was still a satellite town with an agricultural economy based on poultry farming and market gardening
. However the tidal surge of urban sprawl which engulfed the rich flatlands west of Sydney known as the Cumberland Plain
soon reached Liverpool, and it became an outer suburb of metropolitan Sydney with a strong working-class presence and manufacturing facilities. Liverpool also became renowned for its vast Housing Commission estates housing thousands of low-income families after the slum clearance and urban renewal
programs in inner-city Sydney in the 1960s.
The estimated population in 2008 was... Read More