- See also Clare Valley .
The Clare Valley
is one of Australia's
oldest wine regions
, best known for Riesling
wines. It lies in the Mid North
of South Australia
, approximately 120 km north of Adelaide
. The valley runs north-south, with Main North Road
as the main thoroughfare.
The original inhabitants of the Clare Valley were the Ngadjuri
people. It is believed that they had major camping sites at Clare
, as well as other areas outside the valley.
The first European to reportedly explore the region was William John Hill, who arrived in South Australia on the HMS Buffalo
in 1836. He was a surveyor and explored the Clare Valley district in 1838, discovering and naming the Hutt River
. The Hill River was later discovered and named in his honour. On returning to Adelaide, he reported his findings of potentially good farmland to his friend and associate, Edward John Eyre
. Eyre in turn informed John Horrocks
, who had only arrived in the new colony in March 1839. Eyre later explored the Clare Valley on the return journey from his second 1839
expedition to the northern regions of South Australia. Horrocks set out with his servant, John Green and established himself in the area now known as Penwortham
. This became the first permanent settlement in the valley. By 1840, Edward Burton Gleeson
had set up... Read More