Cleopatra Selene I
(Greek:η Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη
) was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon
by his niece Cleopatra III of Egypt
. She was the wife of three different kings; including queen consort
to Ptolemy IX Lathyros
, and later queen of Syria.
Originally she was named Selene
, only adding the Ptolemaic throne name Cleopatra
after her marriage with Lathyros.Strabo
16, p. 749; Josephus
, Antiquities of the Jews
13.420. whom she married after his wife, her sister Cleopatra IV
, was forced out by her mother. (115 BC).Justin
39.3.2 Selene was not, however, made co-ruler, unlike many of the sister-wives of Ptolemaic kings.
She bore Lathyros at least one daughter, Berenice III
and two sons, invluding Ptolemy XII
and possibly another son, also named Ptolemy.
In 107 BC, as relations deteriorated between Lathyros and his mother and co-ruler, Cleopatra III, he was forced to leave Egypt and his wife, first to Cyprus to raise an army, and then to south Syria from whence he tried, in 103 BC, to invade Egypt.
In the meantime, Cleopatra III established an alliance with one of the warring Syrian kings, Antiochus VIII Grypus
, giving him Cleopatra Selene I as his wife. (His previous wife, Tryphaena
, Cleopatra Selene's I older sister, had been killed in 111 BC by his stepbrother Antiochus IX Cyzicenus
In Syria, the civil war between Grypus and... Read More