Clive Calder (born 1946) is a South African-born and UK based record executive and businessman primarily known for co-founding the Zomba Group and its subsidiary Jive Records. The relocation of Warner Music Group Chairman Edgar Bronfman Jr. to London has pushed Calder from first to second wealthiest music billionaire in Britain, worth an estimated £1.3bn.
Calder was born in Johannesburg, South Africa. He grew up off Louis Botha Avenue, Johannesburg. Calder started his first record company in 1971 in South Africa with Ralph Simon. By 1975 they had relocated to London and had begun Zomba as a artist and producer management company. By 1978 Zomba had expanded to include publishing, and opened offices in New York City. In 1981 they formed their first record label Jive and Calder began to create a name for Jive as an important outlet for hip hop and rap.
Jive's success was followed by Silvertone Records in 1988 and countless others throughout the nineties. After an unspecified "ethical disagreement," Calder bought Simon's stake in Zomba and became the sole owner in 1990. In the late nineties, Jive expanded its success to include teen pop phenomenons such as Backstreet Boys, 'N Sync and Britney Spears, all of which... Read More