The Cluster Munition Coalition
) is an international civil society movement campaigning against the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions
. Cluster munitions are a type of explosive weapon
widely stockpiled by more than 80 states. They are documented to have caused significant civilian deaths and injuries and have frequently caused indiscriminate effects both during and after conflicts. Their use is prohibited under the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions
. This convention was formally endorsed on 30 May 2008 in Dublin
, and was signed by 94 countries in Oslo
on 3-4 December 2008. The Convention and became binding international law on 1 August 2010, after 30 countries formally ratified it. As of 28 April 2011, it had been signed by 108 countries, 57 of which have ratified it.
The CMC, formed in November 2003, is a network of civil society organizations, including NGOs, faith-based groups and professional organizations. It includes large worldwide organizations, such as Amnesty International
, Handicap International
and Human Rights Watch
, as well as nationally based organizations (such as the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society
and Legacies of War
) and national campaigns (such as the Philippines Campaign against Cluster Munitions and the Aotearoa New Zealand Cluster Munition Coalition).
All of these organizations share a common goal of preventing the adverse humanitarian and development impacts... Read More