CMA CGM S.A.
is a French container
transportation and shipping company, headed by Jacques Saadé
. It is the third largest
container company in the world, using 200 shipping routes between 400 ports in 150 different countries. Its headquarters are in Marseille
, and its North American headquarters are in Norfolk, Virginia
The history of CMA CGM can be traced back to 1851 when Messageries Maritimes (MM) was established. Another component company, Compagnie Générale Maritime (CGM), was founded in 1855 and renamed Compagnie Générale Transatlantique
in 1861. The two companies merged to form Compagnie Générale Maritime in 1973 as a French state-run entity.Jacques Saadé
created CMA in 1978 as an intra-Mediterranean liner service. In 1996, CGM was privatized and sold to Compagnie Maritime d'Affrètement (CMA) to form CMA CGM.
In 1998 the combined company purchased Australian National Lines
(ANL). The company is still growing and has ordered 58 new vessels (owned outright or on long-term leases) to be delivered over the next four years.
CMA CGM acquired its French rival Delmas
based in Le Havre
from the Bolloré
group in September 2005 for 600 million Euros. The acquisition was completed in early January 5, 2006. The resulting corporation became the third largest container company in the world behind the Danish A.P. Moller-Maersk Group
and the Swiss Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A.
., Jan. 10, 2006, CMA... Read More