Most of the island is incorporated as the municipal township of Cockburn Island, which had a permanent population of ten in the 2006 Canadian census. due to Statistics Canada's counting method of rounding off population figures for communities of smaller than 15 people; in the 1996 census it had a reported population of two. It is the least populated incorporated municipality in Canada, and township offices are located on the mainland in Thessalon in the district of Algoma.
However, the population grows significantly in the summer, as an estimated two hundred people maintain cottages and summer homes on the island.
At one time, the island had a population of several hundred people, centred primarily on fishing operations at Tolsmaville (45°57'29"N, 83°19'5"W), which was once also known as Port Cockburn, and logging operations at Ricketts Harbour. Tolsmaville continues to be the primary... Read More