The Code of Conduct for International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief
was drawn up in 1992 by the Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response
to set ethical standards for organizations involved in humanitarian work. In 1994, the SCHR
adopted the code and made the signing of it a condition for membership in the alliance.
Formulation of the code
Although the initiative began with a call by the French Red Cross to the IFRC
to draw up a code of conduct relating to humanitarian aid in response to natural disasters
, many of the sponsoring agencies had been involved in complex emergencies
such as Biafra
and were also looking for guidance for operating in the midst of violent conflicts. As of 2007 there were more than 400 organizations who have signed the code,
At 26th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, which included delegates from governments, the Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies, the IFRC
, and the ICRC
, a resolution was passed which “took note of” and “welcomed” the code giving it wide international recognition.
Principle Commitments of the Code
- The humanitarian imperative comes first;
- Aid is given regardless of the race, creed or nationality of the recipients and without adverse distinction of......