The Political Constitution of Colombia
, better known as the Constitution of 1991
, is the current governing document of the Republic of Colombia
on July 4 of 1991 , it replaced the Constitution of 1886
. It has lately been called the Constitution of Rights.
After an agitated constitutional period in the 19th century
, Colombia instituted one of the oldest constitutions in Latin America, dating back to 1886. Nevertheless, after a century in force, the Constitution of 1886 was in need of modifications in order to adapt it to the country’s changing social, economic and political conditions.
In 1988, a reform intended to increase citizens' participation in politics and combat administrative corruption, failed. Therefore, a student and political movement called "Todavía podemos salvar a Colombia"
("We can still save Colombia") proposed the formation of a constituent assembly
for the 1990 elections and promoted what was called the Seventh Paper Ballot (séptima papeleta) for this election. The Electoral Counsel did not accept the official inclusion of that vote, which was additional to the votes for Senate
, Chamber of Representatives
, Department Assemblies
, Governors, Municipal Councils and Mayors, but was non-officially counted. Nevertheless, the Supreme Court
acknowledged the popular will and validated... Read More