Colossus of Nero

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Description:
The Colossus Neronis was an enormous, 30 m bronze statue that the Emperor Nero (37–68 AD) erected in the vestibule of his Domus Aurea, the imperial villa complex on the Palatine Hill. It was modified by Nero's successors into a statue of the sun god Sol Invictus. It is last mentioned in the 4th century AD. The Colosseum is probably named after the statue that stood near its site, but not by the Romans themselves or other people many centuries after them.

Construction

The Colossus Neronis (Latin, "Colossus of Nero") was an enormous bronze statue that the Emperor Nero (37–68 AD) had erected in his image in the vestibule of the Domus Aurea, his palatial residence on the Palatine Hill. The statue was placed just outside the main palace entrance at the terminus of the Via Appia in a large atrium of porticoes that divided the city from the private villa. The Greek architect Zenodorus designed the statue and began construction between A.D. 64 and 68. According to Pliny the Elder, the statue reached 106.5 Roman Feet (30.3 m) in height, though other sources claim it was as much as 37 m.Mentioned in Suetonius, "Nero" 31; Pliny's Natural History XXXIV.45.

Change to Sol Invictus

Shortly after Nero's death in A.D. 68, the Emperor Vespasian added a sun-ray crown and renamed it Colossus Solis, after the Roman sun god Sol Invictus.Mentioned in Suetonius, "Vespasian" 18;......
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