(died January 6, 2006) was the nom de guerre
of an officer of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation
(EZLN), a revolutionary indigenous autonomist
organization based in the southern Mexican state
. She was perhaps the most famous female Zapatista figure for her role early in the uprising. A member of the Zapatista leading council, the CCRI (Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee
), she served as a symbol of equality and dignity for indigenous and impoverished women.
"Ramona", a Mayan
woman, took control of the city of San Cristóbal de las Casas
, the former capital of Chiapas, during the January 1, 1994 Zapatista uprising. Ramona began a long fight with cancer
the same year; in 1995, she received a kidney transplant
, which extended her life for over a decade.
In 1996, she broke through a government encirclement when she traveled to the capital to help found the National Indigenous Congress.
Her last public appearance was at a preparation meeting — a plenary session for "The Other Campaign" — in Caracol de La Garrucha
in the municipality
of Francisco Gómez on September 16, 2005. After her death, Subcomandante Marcos
suspended The Other Campaign
activities for several days in order to be present at Ramona's funeral service.
- Davison, Phil (2006).......